The Antiquities of Skyros
According to the various relics, which were found in various areas of the island, Skyros was inhabited since the Neolithic period (5500-2800 BC).
The island enjoys a great prosperity during the early period of the Age of Copper (2800-1900 BC) and reaches the zenith of its prosperity during the Mycenean period (1650-1100 BC).
Skyros has an important part during the Geometric and archaic periods. In 475 BC, the island is conquered by the Athenians and in 323/22 BC it falls into the hands of Macedonians. In 197 BC, the island is occupied by the Romans. Since the 2nd century AD, the Christian Religion is spread on the island. There are many antiquities since the Byzantine times as well as many sights such as:
There are a lot of churches of a significant architectural interest. Some of these churches have some excellent woodcut icon screens, like the temple of St. George, in the monastery, the temple of St. Ioannis, the Virgin Mary of Theodore etc. At first, the monastery of St. George was built as an independent Monastery, probably in the first half of the 13th century.
In 1447, it became a monastery dependency of the Monastery of Megisti Lavra of Mount Athos. Its entire cluster of buildings dates back to the Venetian and the Turkish domination. There were several extensions, repairs and renovations during the 19th, the 20th and the 21st centuries.
In the castle - fortress of the island with the ancient walls and the towers, in Palamari, in Achilli, in Markessi, in Paleokastro.
Since the prehistoric period of Skyros, the archaeological site in Palamari, where there are some ruins of a fortified build-up area of the early period of the Age of Copper, is very interesting.
Several important finds from this build-up area are exhibited in the archaeological museum of Skyros. The last phase of the Mycenean Civilisation is represented, in Skyros, mainly by some very interesting objects of pottery, most of which are exhibited in the archaeological museum of the island too.
The Geometric and Archaic period of Skyros (11th century - 475 BC) is the season of Dolopes, a Greek tribe that developed a very important culture. There are several significant finds from that period which are exhibited in the archaeological museum of Skyros (these finds are the most important collection of the museum).
As far as the Athenian period of the island is concerned, apart from a few sculptures - which are very important items - as well as a few pots, the ancient fortification (the ancient walls) is the most impressive mark of the classic period of the island.
It was an ambitious beautiful undertaking, which took place during the 4th century and its ruins are preserved up to this day (the two towers east and, north-west, the old tower).